Healthy Sperm

21 Signs Of Healthy Sperm in 2021

For males, as they enter a new phase of their life after marriage, there is will always be a question of starting a family life looming in the air. For some it happens right after marriage and for some it sits on the back burner, as there professions and jobs takes priority.

But sooner or later, the couple would want to start planning for family and be well prepared for all the related aspects.

For males it means to watch closely for Signs of Health sperm.

Both the quality and quantity of sperm will determine the overall sperm health and will have a huge impact on how long you and your spouse will take to start a family.

How would you know if you have healthy sperm?

Sperm Colour

It has been noted by researchers that clear, white or light grey semen is considered perfectly normal for males. Our semen is a combination of various minerals and enzymes that flow through the body.

Likewise the Sperm color determines the dominating traits of the body. For instance, Yellowish or greenish discoloration or the presence of flakes in the semen often points to the presence of infection.

Similarly a Reddish or brownish shade in semen most likely is sign of a condition called hematospermia

When in doubt, its always better to consult a urologist who can give an expert opinion.

Sperm Colour Chart

Although this occurrence is not always a cause for concern, there are some instances when semen colour change can be an indicator of an underlying medical condition

Below is Chart to demonstrate the semen colours and what do they hint towards :

Semen Colour What it Means
Green SemenGreen-tinted semen can indicate :
A potential infection of the prostate or surrounding tissues.

Other symptoms may include:
– pain when peeing
– feeling the need to pee often
– lower abdominal pain
– pain near your rectum
– pain during ejaculation
– feeling exhausted
– fever and chills
Brown or Red SemenThere can be an incident of a blood vessel bursting around the seminal vesicles. The release of blood can cause semen to take on a brown or red appearance.

This brown or red colour can also be caused by the inflammation of the prostate or the glands that help produce semen. While red semen can be alarming, the cause is usually benign.
Yellow SemenSemen travels through the urethra, which is the same tube that urine travels through. It is possible that some yellow-tinted urine can mix with semen, which would give semen a yellow tint or cast.

Jaundice which commonly causes yellowing of the eyes but can cause the skin and the semen to appear yellow too.

If a man has not ejaculated in some time; the semen is more likely to have mixed with urine.

Abnormally high white blood cells can also make semen yellowish in colour

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the following are the normal ranges for healthy sperm.

Sperm CharacteristicsWHO reference Range
Semen Volume 1.5–7.6 ml
Sperm concentration15–259 million per ml
Total sperm in ejaculate39–928 million
Total motility (progressive and non-progressive)40–81%
Progressive motility32–75%
Sperm morphology4–48%
Sperm vitality58–92%

Source : WHO

Excessive Weight

There has been a direct link between sperm health and the rise in body weight for males. In fact more then 50 percent of male infertility is linked with obesity.

In addition to the immediate effects that obesity has on the father, there is evidence that negative effects may be transmitted to the offspring via genetics.



Lifestyle change which involves healthy eating and exercising becomes the base improving the sperm health as well overall health of the body.

Diet & Healthy Sperm

everybody enjoys the occasional sausage and salami as part of their meal. But is your diet heavily dependent upon processed food, including cheese, cakes, microwable foods etc.

A new evidence that eating pizza, red meat, and processed foods isn’t only likely to round out your beer belly and potentially increase your cancer risk, but the same diet can also decrease your sperm count and potentially hurt your fertility.

Same research also points out that males with diet having foods like fish, chicken, vegetables, fruit, and water have the highest sperm count.

Brief or Boxer

For optimal sperm health, the temperature of testicles need to be less then the core body temperature. That is the biological reason why they are located outside the body.

Testicles can overheat when a man wears brief underwear, especially which are very tight on the grip.

Such high temperatures effects the bodies ability to produce sperm, thus effecting the sperm health. To maintain optimal temperature of testicles:

  1. Avoid tight briefs
  2. Wear boxer shorts
  3. Do not use saunas or hot tubs frequently

Active Lifestyle

Active lifestyle has a major impact on your sperm health along with negating other toxins from your body.

Also Check out : 17 Foods That Kill Testosterone In 2020

Deep research has shown that regular physical activity has beneficial impact in sperm fertility parameters and such a life style can enhance the fertility status of men.

No Smoking Please

Smoking has shown to increase Reactive oxygen Species, which are free radicals that can potentially kill sperm cells and also negatively impact the DNA.

This furthers hampers the swimming speed of sperm lowering the overall quality.

Additionally, the sperm DNA in smokers has shown DNA fragmentation, which may lead to issues with fertilization and embryo development. There is also inconclusive evidence on DNA fragmentation transferring to child.

Fish Diet and Health Sperm

A Research conducted by Harvard School of Public Health has shown that sperm quality was better in men who ate the most white meat fish, like cod or halibut. And men who ate the most fatty fish like salmon, bluefish or tuna had a 34% higher sperm count than those who ate the least amount of fish.

The benefits are mainly attributed to their high concentration of omega-3 fatty acids.

Pesticides and bisphenol a (BPA)

The worst thing that we can consume which hampers a lot more then just sperm health are persticdies and BPA.

Pesticides end up on vegetables and fruits. and also end up in meat and fish due to tainted water supplies. BPA however attacks from the food packaging and cans. It slowly leeches into the foods we eat.

Both BPA and pesticides act as xenoestrogens—chemicals that mimic estrogen. Just like the phytoestrogens in soy, xenoestrogens can wreak havoc on sperm concentration.

On a side note, some of the same chemicals in pesticides can come from non-stick cookware.

Vitamins and Sperm health

Research points out that Vitamins C and E are essential antioxidants that protect the body’s cells from damage from oxidative stress and free radicals.

Vitamin C is also one of the most abundant antioxidants in the semen of fertile men, and it contributes to the maintenance of healthy sperm by protecting the sperm’s DNA from free radical damage.

Studies have shows that vitamin E improves sperm motility (movement). Vitamin C functions to regenerate vitamin E. It can thus be also concluded that these 2 vitamins work together to keep the sperm healthy.

Testosterone Therapy and Healthy Sperm

Testosterone has a variety of functions and is commonly used in older men to treat symptoms of hypogonadism, such as decreased libido, decreased mood and erectile dysfunction.

Testosterone therapy has shown to negatively affect the hypothalamic-pituitary gonadal axis and inhibit the production of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.

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